100% ANSWERED BY A WRITER- San Diego State University Ethical Standards Discussion


1) Ethical codes guide the behavior of attorneys, police officers, and judges. Attorneys, police officers, and judges are expected to operate under the letter of the law without expressing bias or personal views during work hours. On off hours, those rules are often not as clear, yet we, as the public, still demand higher ethical standards of off-duty criminal justice personnel. Should off-duty members of the legal arena be held to a higher standard? If they are found to be in violation of those standards off duty, should they be punished to a lesser extent? Where does duty end and personal lives begin?

***Use the GCU Library for sources (https://library.gcu.edu/ )

The DQ response must be at least 200 words and should have at least one reference in APA format

2) Write a 100-word response to the student in first person as if you were writing it to the students. Talk about how you agree with their ideas and add your own thoughts. Make sure it’s respectful.

Student response: Personal lives begins from the moment the individual finishes his/her work hours and goes to their home environment to rest off their daily busy routine. The duty of one’s profession ends exactly where personal lives begins, because once the variables are mixed, then the ability to make rational decisions starts to be wrongfully influenced in the decision-making process to solve conflict matter situations. Therefore, off duty cops personnel should be held to a higher standard because it must be part of the nature of their profession to distinguish what’s right from wrong, given the fact that they guard the city do not mean they can extrapolate boundaries. Banks, (2020), says the fact that some argue that because standards of conduct and ways of doing things differ from society to society and there can never be one single standard for all people everywhere given that we must make ethical decisions based on each situation.

As people acquire more knowledge, ethics has developed when individuals started to reflect on the intentions and consequences of their acts. Another major difference in the approach to ethical problems revolves around the question of absolute good as opposed to relative good (Columbia Encyclopedia, 2018). Morality in the end poses a question as to what extent should legal professionals be subjective to the idea of being morally good which is directly apprehended through intuition, where also the desires of the individual postulates an immediate awareness of the morally good.

Accordingly with the Executive Order 12731, provides that “Public Service is a public trust, requiring employees to place loyalty to the Constitution, employees may be disciplined for off duty conduct if there is a nexus between the offending conduct and the employee’s job-related responsibilities such that the proposed discipline would promote the efficiency of the service. Therefore, higher-level employees and those entrusted with sensitive responsibilities, including attorneys and law enforcement officers, are subject to closer scrutiny and greater potential discipline for off-duty misconduct reflecting on honesty and integrity than those employees with less responsibilities, (U.S.D.O.J, 2016).


Banks, C. (2020). Criminal justice ethics (5th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publishing. ISBN-13: 9781544353593

Ethics. (2018). In P. Lagasse, & Columbia University, The Columbia encyclopedia (8th ed.). Columbia University Press. Credo Reference: https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://searc…

Lofthus, L. (January 29, 2016). Memorandum for all Department Employees. U.S Department of Justice. Retrieved from: https://www.justice.gov/file/1047651/download

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